Radiation Therapy To Treat Prostate Cancer

External Beam Radiation Therapy (EBRT)

Physician focuses beam of radiation directly on tumor with high doses. Also called 3D conformal radiation therapy

Ideal Candidate

  • older patient with other medical problems; not a surgical candidate
  • cancer outside capsule, but not spread further to lymph nodes or beyond
  • Men who have had TURP

Treatment time: 35 three-minute treatments, 5 times a week, over 7 weeks.

Intensity Modulated Radiation Therapy (IMRT)

Type of EBRT with thinner radiation beams to precisely target the prostate High dosage of radiation with a lower dose affecting the surrounding healthy tissues.

Ideal Candidate: Same as for EBRT

Treatment time: 5 sessions a week for 6-8 weeks

Proton Beam Therapy

Type of conformal radiation therapy that bombards the diseased tissue with protons instead of x-rays

Ideal Candidate: Same as for EBRT
Also, younger men who wish to avoid surgery yet treat the cancer with lower side effect risks than EBRT may elect proton beam radiation.

Treatment time: About 5 weeks


Outpatient technique that implants permanent radioactive seeds directly into the prostate. Requires more physician skill than EBRT

Ideal Candidate

  • Prostate volume less than 60 grams
  • Gleason grade lower than 7, PSA below 10

Treatment time 1-2 hour procedure with 3-4 days recovery. Observation and x-ray may be required after procedure to verify placement of seeds

Risks and Side Effects of Radiation Therapy

  • Fecal Incontinence
  • Urinary Incontinence
  • Gastrointestinal Complications
  • Loss of appetite
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Rectal Injury
  • Ulcers
  • Urinary Tract inflammation
  • Urgency
  • scarring
  • Stricture
  • Fatigue
  • Impotence
  • Increased risk for rectal and colon cancer
  • Fistula
  • Skin reaction to treated areas
  • Rectal bleeding
  • Frequent stools
  • Hematuria

Why Choose Hifu Prostate Cancer Institute Miami?

PERSONALIZED CONCIERGE Medical Care, 24 Hours / 7 Days Per Week:

Most medical treatments, including HIFU, are performed in brief time frame. In fact, diagnosis, arriving at a treatment decision and post-treatment care consumes the majority of patient-doctor time and care. By offering PERSONALIZED- CONCIERGE medical care, our patients have 24/7 access to Dr. Suarez.