Prostate cancer in men occurs when normal cells within the prostate gland mutate into harmful cancer cells. While no one knows what causes prostate cancer, the truth remains that it’s very common and, when caught early, is very treatable. Some prostate cancer statistics state that 1 in 6 American men will experience some form of prostate cancer in their lifetime and that the vast majority of cases are not fatal.
Treatment is determined by the stage or progression of the disease. Prostate cancer stages are determined by the size and location of the tumor and whether or not it has spread to lymph nodes or other parts of the body. Doctors use clinical exams and pathology to determine prostate cancer stages, determine a prognosis, and then plan treatment accordingly.