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How Regular Urologist Visits Can Save You from Prostate Cancer

It’s common knowledge that early detection of cancer provides the best chance for treatments to be successful so that life expectancy can be increased. However, many men avoid urologists in Miami because they’re concerned about a prostate exam, even though they know early detection is key. But regularly visiting your Miami urologist is important if you hope to detect and survive prostate cancer. Here’s what you need to know.

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Prostate Exam

Men should begin seeing the urologist regularly after age 40, not only to detect prostate cancer in its early stages, but to check for other conditions that can affect quality of life as well. Conditions such as an enlarged prostate, which causes frequent urination, or erectile dysfunction are both conditions that a urologist can detect and treat, significantly improving your quality of life. A prostate exam may be uncomfortable for some men, but just a few minutes of discomfort can save your life if prostate cancer is detected and caught in the early stages. Along with seeing a urologist regularly, it’s important to recognize other signs that there could be a prostate issue. Frequent, slow urination, blood in the urine, lumbar pain, and sexual dysfunction are all symptoms you shouldn’t ignore and you should call for a urology appointment as soon as possible.

Prostate Cancer Diagnosis

During a prostate exam, you’ll give a personal and family history, since prostate cancer is more likely if you have a family history. Then a digital rectal exam will check the prostate for lumpy or hard areas. A blood test is also done to test levels of prostate-specific antigen (PSA). Higher PSA levels often indicate some sort of prostate condition. If either of these tests is abnormal, you’ll receive further testing like an ultrasound or biopsy.

Treatment Options

If prostate cancer is confirmed, you’ll have a few options for treatment. The treatment varies depending on how advanced the cancer is. In early stages, watchful waiting and active surveillance may be the best choice. Radiation, hormone therapy, or chemotherapy may be used as well. Surgery to remove the prostate may be necessary in some cases. A completely non-invasive treatment using high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) uses ultrasound to destroy only the cancerous cells.