If you or someone you love has recently been diagnosed with prostate cancer, you know the importance of getting treatment right away. There are a few different options for prostate cancer treatment, but the treatment your doctor recommends will depend on factors like your age, health, size of the tumor, and if it’s localized. Localized cancer will give you the greatest number of treatment options. Here’s what you need to know about prostate cancer treatments.
Surgery that removes the entire prostate gland is one way to treat prostate cancer. There are numerous types of surgery that can do this, including open surgery, laparoscopic, or robot-assisted laparoscopic surgery.
Radiation is used for those who are unable to undergo surgery because of other medical problems. It is also often used if the cancer is outside the prostate, but hasn’t spread to the lymph nodes or further. There are many different types of radiation therapy a patient can receive, so the type of radiation given depends on many different factors that your doctor can discuss with you.
Cryotherapy involves the freezing of cells in the prostate to destroy the gland. This is an option for those who would like to avoid more invasive treatments like surgery or radiation as well as for patients who want a focal treatment to increase the likelihood of preserving potency.
High intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU) uses ultrasound waves to heat and destroy the cancerous tissue. It is totally non-invasive, making it an appealing choice for many. HIFU is a good option for those with early, localized prostate cancer and for those who have had other treatments that weren’t effective or had the cancer return.
Watching and Waiting
Some urologists in Miami may choose to watch and wait on prostate cancer after diagnosis. This is for men with low risk, early stage cancer or elderly men who likely have less than a 10-year life expectancy as their cancer will probably grow more slowly so that other causes of death are more likely. These patients need to be committed to living more actively and eating a healthier diet.